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Maldives Government


Government type: Republic 

Political capital:   Male'

Geographic coordinates: 4 10 N, 73 31 E

Administrative divisions:  
20 atolls (atholhu, singular and plural) and the capital city; Alifu Alif, Alif Dhaal, Baa, Dhaalu, Faafu, Gaafu Alifu, Gaafu Dhaalu, Gnaviyani, Haa Alifu, Haa Dhaalu, Kaafu, Laamu, Lhaviyani, Maale* (Male), Meemu, Noonu, Raa, Seenu, Shaviyani, Thaa, Vaavu.

Independence:   26 July 1965 (from UK) 
National holiday:   Independence Day, 26 July (1965) 
Constitution:   adopted 1 January 1998 

Legal system:  
Based on Islamic law with admixtures of English common law primarily in commercial matters; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction 

Suffrage:  
21 years of age; universal 

President Maumoon Abdul Gayoom takes the oath of office on 11 November 1978. He is currently serving his fifth term of office.
President Maumoon Abdul Gayoom takes the oath of office on 11 November 1978. He is currently serving his fifth term of office.

Executive branch:   
Chief of state: President Maumoon Abdul GAYOOM (since 11 November 1978); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

Head of government:
President Maumoon Abdul GAYOOM (since 11 November 1978)

Cabinet:
Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the president

Elections:
P president nominated by the Majlis; nomination must be ratified by a national referendum (at least a 51% approval margin is required); president elected for a five-year term; election last held 17 October 2003 (next to be held in 2008) Election results: President Maumoon Abdul GAYOOM reelected in referendum held 17 October 2003; percent of popular vote - Maumoon Abdul GAYOOM 90.3% 

Legislative branch:  
Unicameral People's Council or Majlis (50 seats; 42 members elected by popular vote, 8 appointed by the president; to serve five-year terms)
elections: last held 22 January 2005 (next to be held in 2010)
election results: percent of vote - NA; seats - independents 50 

Judicial branch:  
High Court 

Mohamed Nasheed of MDP being taken to the Court
Mohamed Nasheed of MDP being taken to the Court.

Political parties and leaders:  
Adhaalath (Justice) Party or AP [Abdul Majeed Abdul BARI]; Dhivehi Rayyithunge Party (Maldivian People's Party) or DRP [Maumoon Abdul GAYOOM]; Islamic Democratic Party or IDP [Omar NASEER]; Maldivian Democratic Party or MDP [Mohamed NASHEED]; note - political parties were allowed to register in June 2005

Political pressure groups and leaders:  
Various unregistered political parties 

International organization participation:  
AsDB, C, CP, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IPU, ITU, MIGA, NAM, OIC, OPCW, SAARC, SACEP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO 

For More information please visit: CIA World Fact Book


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